"Space chimp of 1961" NYT crossword answer is:ENOS (4 letters length)
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The Space Chimp of 1961 Crossword Clue NYT (October 19 2023) refers to the first primate to be sent into space, a chimpanzee named Ham, who was launched into space by the United States on January 31, 1961. Ham's flight was part of the U.S. space program's efforts to test the effects of space travel on living organisms. Ham's successful mission paved the way for the first human spaceflight, which occurred just over a year later.